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Examining the Liquidity Risk in the Household Sector and the Policy Implications

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커버이미지
  • 저자 김영일(金榮一)
  • 발행일 2020/07/16
  • 시리즈 번호 No. 279 (2020-04), eng.
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요약 ■ In the wake of an unprecedented health crisis, households who lack liquid assets that could tackle their growing deficit (=income-expenditure) will endure severe financial difficulties.

■ The share of households facing liquidity risk will increase as incomes fall by bigger margins and exposure to the shock intensifies.

■ The liquidity risk resulting from COVID-19 will be even more pronounced among the economically vulnerable; specifically, those in the bottom quintile in terms of income and net assets, and temporary and daily wage workers.

■ Households at liquidity risk are particularly concentrated in the low income quintile. As such, a short-term income support program offering even a small amount of aid (e.g. 1 million won) could greatly help to reduce their liquidity risk.

■ In terms of support for at-liquidity-risk households, a selective approach which focuses the income support on the economically vulnerable and provides credit support in the form of collateral loans to asset-owning households will be more effective in easing the liquidity risk and the government’s fiscal burden.
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