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정책세미나 Social Issues in Korea : Korean and American Perspectives 1993.09.01


Series No. 93-01

정책세미나 Social Issues in Korea : Korean and American Perspectives #재정정책 #복지정책


  • KDI
    Lawrence B. Krause
  • KDI
It is widely recognized that Korea was the fastest growing
developing country during the decade of the 1980s, and that
rapid economic growth represented the continuation of a trend
dating form the early 1960s. Furthermore, Korea probably had
the greatest improvement in living standards among developing
countries. Hence, it is fair to say that Korea and Koran policy
makers had good command over the "commanding heights" of
the economy. Nevertheless, macroeconomic success does not
mean that there are no social problems. Indeed social problems
may be hidden by economic progress and may even be
exacerbated by it. This volume is devoted to an analysis of
social problems.

Some of the social problems such as the inadequacy of
residential housing may have arisen because of a lack of
appreciation of the economic return to investment in that area.
Others such as difficulties in industrial relations may have
resulted from government institutions and policies that were
aimed only at rapid economic growth. What is clear, however, is
that the evolution toward more democracy in Korea has raised
the saliency of these problems,. and Korean society must give
much greater attention to them.

In our investigation of these problems, we discovered that
several of the problems were connected in interesting ways. For
example, inadequate housing is likely to be the major
manifestation of absolute poverty. Furthermore, poverty and
inadequate housing are also associated with poor health and
morbidity. This suggests that there are externalities in dealing
with any one problem, and that there may be gains in
addressing several of them in combination. Furthermore, failure
to deal with one problem may worsen others. The failure to
build new housing as incomes rise has led to large increases in
rents which in turn has led to demands for higher wage
increases which worsens industrial relations and international
competitiveness. Building more housing may not at first glance
appear as a way to improve international competitiveness, but
that may turn out to be a consequence.

All of the papers authored by Koreans are addressed directly
to Korea, however, some of the American papers take a
comparative perspective. That is one of the strengths of this
kind of research effort because one country can learn form the
experience of another.

(※ 서문에서 발췌한 내용임)
PartⅠ. Industrial Relations
1. Industrial Relations in Transition: Recent Development and
Prospects by Fun-koo Park
2. The Role of Industrial Relations in Recent National and
Enterprise Level Industrial Strategies in the Republic of
Korea by Ronald A. Rodgers
PartⅡ. Welfare and Protection of the Poor
3. The Effects of Social Welfare Policy on Poverty and
Distribution in Korea with Special Reference to the Social
Benefit System by Man-woo Lee
4. Poverty and Social Protection in Korea by Barry L.
Friedman & Leonard Hausman
PartⅢ. Education
5. Educational Reforms and Issues in Korea by Chung-il
6. Regulating Access to Higher Education in South Korea
and Taiwan by Tun-jen Cheng
PartⅣ. Housing
7. Housing Policy in Korea by Kwan-young Kim
8. Confronting Distorted Housing Market: Can Korean
Policies Break with the Past? by Bertrand Renaud
Ⅴ. Distribution of Income and Wealth
9. Income Distribution and Distributive Equity in Korea by
Hakchung Choo
10. Korea: Issues of Distribution by Danny M. Leipziger
Ⅵ. Tax System
11. Tax Policy and Distributive Equity in Korea by
Tae-won Kwack
12. A Comparative Analysis of Taxation: United States and
Korea by Louis L. Wilde
Ⅶ. Pensions and Social Security
13. Pension Policy in Korea by Il-ho Yoo
14. American Lessons for Korean Pensions by Alicia
PartⅧ. Health Care
15. Financing and Delivering Health Care in Korea: Major
Policy Issues by Soon-won Kwon
16. Health Care in the United States: A Cautionary Tale by
David Mechanic
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