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Education and Development in Korea : Studies of the Modernization of the Republic of Korea : 1945-1975

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  • 저자 Noel F. McGinn, Donald R. Snodgrass, Queeyoung Kim, 김신복(金信福) , 김영봉(金榮奉)
  • 발행일 1980/01/01
  • 시리즈 번호 90
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요약 This volume focuses on the contribution of human resources
to the development of the Republic of Korea. Although poor in
land and minerals, Korea is rich in culture and education, and
some see in the high levels of educational attainment among the
korean populations, and the almost insatiable demand for further
learning, the explanation of the nation's rapid development of
economic activity. Typical of the widespread enthusiasm for
education as a major factor in the modernization of Korea is this
statement by UNESCO: " The remarkable and rapid economic
grwoth that has occurred in Korea over the last decade has
been based to a large degree on human resources, and education
has assisted in the production of a literate and industrious
people." The argument sto support these conclusions are:
1) Korea has (compared to other countries at a similar level
of GNP) a highly developed educational system, which
reaches all its population
2) This educational system was developed after 1945.
3) There is a close secular relationship between the
expansion of education and the growth of the economy.
4) The content of Korean education fits the economic
requirements of the country and is a "modernizing"
influence.

This study seeks to test these propositions. To do so it
provides a description of the growth and development of
education in the Republic between 1945 and 1975 and then an
analysis of interactions between changes in education and
changes in the economy and society. The history includes
information about the structure and content of education,
curriculum, and student flows; it also describes governmental
and foreign financing, the role of foreign technical assistance,
and current conceptions of the role of education in the
development of a new society. We then proceed to the analysis
of how education is affected by and contributes to other sectors
of society in Korea. This inquiry may be of interest to planners
and policy-makers in education and human resources
development in other countries.

An additional objective is to evaluated current theories that
attempt to explain the relationship observed in history between
education and economic growth. A casual examination of Korea's
experience suggest that the relationship between education and
economy has been especially neat and clear. An analysis of the
Korean case could, therefore, be helpful to administrators,
policy-makers, and social scientists who are concerned with
education and development. but confused as to which theory
should be followed in proposing change in educational systems.

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