Korea's public enterprise sector will continue to play a
critical role in economic development, particularly as a conduit
for the introduction of new technology. Though the relative size
of this sector seems to be declining, its role in the economy will
continue to be an extremely important one.
The basic issues in Korean public enterprise is the
interaction between government agencies and company
management, There is a basic trade-off here between enterprise
autonomy and state accountability,. the establishment of a Public
Enterprise Evaluation Committee as an interministrial committee
would reduce much of the overlapping of government by
coordinating of public enterprise management policy.
In the interest of increasing national economic efficiency and
growth, Korea must increase the autonomy of public enterprise
management. This is an urgent task, because public enterprise
stands of the commanding heights of the Korean economy.
Today, the pioneering role of public enterprise has assumed
more and more importance due to growing competition form
low-cost producers in what have been Korea's traditional
overseas export markets.
The Korean government has demonstrated its ability to
recognize state management inefficiencies and divest public
enterprise when necessary. The divestiture of commercial banks
is one example. This new attitude, however, must be
incorporated into a consistent policy commitment to determine
the necessity of divestiture with regard to other public
If public enterprises were granted increased levels of
autonomy and responsibility as well, there would be greater
incentives for firms to increase efficiency. One method to
accomplish this would be the introduction of an effective bonus
system in which bonuses would be geared to real efficiency