KDI 한국개발연구원 - 경제정책정보 - 발간처별 목록 - 경제분야 국제기구 - EBRD - Climbing the Rungs of the Quality Ladder: FDI and Domestic Exporters in Romania

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Climbing the Rungs of the Quality Ladder: FDI and Domestic Exporters in Romania

EBRD 2019.12.10
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This paper argues that inflows of foreign direct investment can facilitate export upgrading in host countries. Using customs data merged with firm-level information for 2005-2011, it shows a positive relationship between the quality of products exported by Romanian firms and the presence of
multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the upstream (input-supplying) industries. Export quality is also positively related to MNE presence in the downstream (input-sourcing) industries and the same industry, but these relationships are less robust. These conclusions hold both when the product
quality is proxied with unit values and when it is estimated following the approach of Khandelwal et al. (2013).

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